How the Cosmos Works

The cosmos is finite, but the universe in which our cosmos resides is infinite.

   The cosmos is a finite, orderly, and tangible system created by God, at the instant of what is commonly referred to as the "Big Bang". Who knows? There may be an infinite number of cosmoses in the universe. Since God is infinite, the number of his material creations may also be infinite. The cosmos we live in, however, is composed of a finite total mass, made up of an infinite number of particles decreasing in size until the smallest becomes infinitely small in mass. At some point some of these particles will always be too small to be measured. It is understandable why we mistakenly see some of these moving particles as something altogether different than matter, namely, "energy" or "dark energy" or even “antimatter”. Cosmic rays, gamma rays, light or heat energy are all actually nothing more than different forms of matter in motion, because science now knows that they are all affected by the influence of gravity.  

   It is in the Spirit of God that we live and move and have our being. (Acts 17: 28) However, there will never be a scientific proof for the existence of God, or for his having created the cosmos. Secondly, if the cosmos is part of something bigger, then distances between cosmoses, in the universe, would be too great for us to physically explore, so this question will never be answered by use of the scientific process either. However, in this natural state, as mere finite human beings, although we will never acquire the scientific ability to prove whether God exists or not, or be able to observe another big bang, or even become aware of another cosmos, there are still some incredible events that we can be reasonably sure of understanding, through our present scientific way of thinking, or put another way; Our present paradigm. One such event is the coming destruction of our planet. Another is the death of our sun. Both these events are easily ascertained using the present scientific paradigm. However, there are other phenomena, which science has the ability to understand, but will not be able to understand, until it undergoes a major change in the way it views the fundamental makeup of our universe and everything in it. In others words, science must change its paradigm. It’s not like this has not happened before. Galileo ushered in a new paradigm for scientific thought and so did Newton and Einstein. Today, one of the greatest examples of scientific understanding, which will never be understood, by the present paradigm, is a fundamental understanding of gravity. In this 21st century it is again time for science to change the paradigm.        

   Now, having finished what I believe is a necessary preamble to my discussion of the main topic on how the universe works, let’s look at what the evidence is saying, strictly from a position which allows known facts to guide our overall thoughts. It is impossible to do this without letting go of some sacred cows controlling the direction of our thinking. In other words, forget the books we have read about gravity. Forget all those answers we have parroted back to our teachers in order to pass a test. Instead, let’s just look at the evidence. Let’s simply let the preponderance of that recently discovered evidence draw its own image in our minds and completely ignore the old preconceived ideas programmed into our souls from the existing trains of thought. In short, we must let our mind experience a willingness to except a shift in the paradigm. Does the evidence support what I am saying? Does the overall connective idea make sense? If not, email me and give me your reasons why it does not.  

   Here goes! Almost all recently discovered scientific data points to the conclusion that everything in the entire cosmos is really much easier to understand than many presently believe. In my mind, the volume of that voice of evidence is deafening. However, the question still remains, “Is this just a tone deaf ringing in my own ears, or am I on to something?” Weird stuff always seems to happen just before a paradigm shifts and I must admit that I am just vain enough to want to get some credit if I am the first to herald a new shift. If I am correct, in what I am saying to the world, then at some point I will be touted as the greatest scientific mind of this century, unless my idea is stolen. Heaven forbid! If it is, I might become so traumatized that I will skip a dessert. Maybe I am wrong. If I am wrong, who cares? I have no scientific reputation to uphold. The following is simply a layman’s examination of the facts as I see them and although I must say that I have found no one who has refuted anything I am saying here or even tried for that matter, the silence does not make me right. Perhaps, that silence can be attributed to fear of our present day politically correct world, which puts tremendous restraints on everyone, but especially those recognized gate keepers of truth among us. Wo to any esteemed person, who uses the phrase "stupid idea" too many times in one sentence. However, I beg of you, if you have knowledge that can refute what I am saying here, please, by all means, share that knowledge with me and I am formally giving you permission to use the word "stupid idea" as many times as you would like.  

The foundation of the next great paradigm shift in scientific thinking is the realization of the following. All material substance including what we call energy has mass, since it is affected by gravity. Therefore energy is nothing more than varying sizes of sub atomic particles of matter in motion.

   Black holes seem to attract everything, including all forms of what we now call energy. Therefore, what science previously considered to be a completely different phenomenon appears to be just another manifestation of matter in the form of very small particles or should I say masses in motion. It seems to me that a reasonable hypothesis for this could be that all "energy" is nothing more than very small sub atomic particles in motion and the mechanics of that motion makes it possible for force of motion to be stored in peaceful orbits, as these traveling particles approach other masses of a certain range of mass, range of velocity and range of direction traveled, relative to themselves. If this is true, then every interaction of matter in the entire cosmos could be explained by what I have just said. Those reading this must try to visualize what I am trying to describe here for yourself because I am afraid my ability to communicate this idea to my fellow human beings is very hard to do. 

   Is it too preposterous to suppose that all particles are composed of smaller particles, which become so small, that they become unrecognizable as matter? If this idea is not too preposterous to consider, then would it not be very easy for the reader to see how past scientific thinking could have mistakenly labeled these extremely small particles as something totally different, especially with the enormous lack of empirical data available until just recently. The big question is this. Could a much clearer understanding of the nature of light, or gamma rays, or weak force, gravity, magnetic force, or maybe dark matter or dark energy be reached by examining our cosmos through the lens I have just tried to describe? It will no doubt take a lot brighter scientific mind than mine to answer that question. Yet, what if what I am so crudely pondering here is true? Could it not be the key to a basic understanding of how everything works? I believe it could. I believe the ideas I have just relayed here could provide the basis for a universal theory on the mechanics behind the workings of our entire cosmos.

All matter in our cosmos is now expanding outward, from a point of singularity and is propelled by a scientifically unknowable originating force, in all directions, from that point of singularity. This matter interacts with itself by following one of only three rules.

1. A particle or body in motion collides with another particle or body of matter in its path, of a certain range of mass to that of itself.

2. A particle, or body in motion, continues in one direction, from its initial point of creation (singularity), on a trajectory influenced, to some degree, by every other particle created at that point of singularity (butterfly effect), following a path of least resistance. (Hawking is correct in his determination that the initial big bang was not uniform in particle distribution. (If it were, my physical self would not be here and neither would you.)

3. A particle or body in motion enters into an orbit, with other particles or bodies, of a certain range in mass, trajectory and velocity to itself. 

Motion is stored in orbital states and so-called energy releases are caused by collisions which disrupt these peaceful orbits.

   Force of motion is stored in orbital states in matter. When a body in space, less massive than a black hole, is bombarded by smaller masses in space, some particles enter into orbits following rule 3, but many more collide with other particles as they travel through this body in space causing peaceful orbital states of matter within this body to be disrupted. Some of these very tiny disrupted particles are hurled out of their orbits and into the space outside the larger body in which they have resided, where their motion has been passively controlled, by their orbits. When this is done on an observable scale, it is usually referred to, as some type of "energy" release. 

This very small particle concept is the key to understanding how gravity works.

   Seemingly discrete bodies in space are measurably and mutually attracted by a vague term we call gravity. (However, there are an infinite number of particles in our cosmos which are too small to be detected) Understanding this small particle concept, allows us to explain why the third rule of matter interaction, which is the tendency of bodies of matter to enter into orbits, is the key to understanding how gravity works. Undetectable particles, which are much smaller in mass than electrons occupy what is considered to be just empty space in our cosmos. As they travel outward, from the point of singularity, they obey one of the three rules already mentioned. Orbital opportunities are found, by some of these very tiny particles, as they travel along their way. With each new orbit created, a slight void is also created, which allows other particles to fall toward that void thus following a path of least resistance, and on and on it goes, creating the effect we call gravity. A relatively greater void is created by a more massive body in space, since its greater mass provides more orbiting opportunities. It also does not allow its own very tiny particles to escape its borders at as fast a rate as those escaping from a less massive body. The greater the difference in mass between two bodies in space, the greater the range of trajectory and velocity can be, and still have a successful orbit established. When the relative masses, velocities and trajectories of two bodies are within the proper range, then the smaller body will enter into an orbit around the larger, because the larger is providing greater orbital opportunities, thus creating a greater relative void for the smaller body to fall toward. This interaction between two bodies in space happens on an infinitely smaller and smaller scale, where the gain or loss of mass to either body is too small to be measured. The orbiting phenomenon of particles allows matter to compress more efficiently in less space. However, there are fewer orbiting opportunities for these very small sub atomic particles, than there are collisions, until bodily masses approach the mass of a black hole. Never the less, there are still enough orbiting opportunities being created to continually cause a relative void to form in the direction of the larger body, which causes the smaller body to continually fall toward the larger body causing it to orbit around the larger body of a certain range in mass, velocity and trajectory to itself. As I have said before, this happens on an infinite scale. Alignment of the molecules and atoms in a body can amplify this effect, (magnetic force) such as that seen in a steel magnet, but the principle is the same. This basic principle explains orbiting planets, stars, and also provides a basic understanding of how electromagnetism and nuclear bounding in the nucleus of atoms works. 

   This phenomenon creates a relative weak force in matter, when dealing with masses the size of planets and stars. At these masses, there are many more opportunities for collisions, than for orbiting. These collisions are what eventually activate self-sustaining nuclear chain reactions in bodies compressed by gravity into the much more massive density of stars. Continual creation of orbital states (gravity) holds the star together, while the overwhelming number of collisions, happening at the same time, set it ablaze.(nuclear fusion) Very small particles are now hurled back into space, in different forms of so called energy releases. Bodies of matter the size of planets do not have the critical mass needed to ignite a nuclear reaction. In other words, there are not enough collisions among particles to reach this critical mass.

Black holes are good examples of bodies, massive enough, to provide many more orbiting opportunities, relative to collisions.

   Black holes provide a much larger number of orbiting opportunities, relative to collisions, so that the vacuum created between a black hole, and any object entering into its event horizon, sucks apart recognizable elements entering the event horizon, by breaking apart the orbital states, which have been holding together the nuclear bound of protons and neutrons. Outside the event horizon, matter is drawn, by the law of orbits toward the relatively strong vacuum, created by a black hole, compressing matter into smaller and smaller spaces, as matter falls toward the black hole. This Matter is compressed in the vicinity of a black hole into a smaller and denser area which tends to accelerate the clumping process of matter, first into nebula, then asteroids, then planets, then stars. However, orbiting opportunities are not found on the large scale outside of the event horizon as they are on the inside of the event horizon. Collisions still happen much more predominately, creating the observable phenomena of planets, stars and galaxies. Particle collisions in bodies massive enough to create stars provide enough collective force in their collisions to allow the smashed particles to escape in the form of what science calls heat, light, x rays, gamma rays, etc. These star creations are good examples of matter being drawn into itself by the law of orbits, creating enough force to promote a nuclear reaction, but not enough orbital opportunities to quench that same nuclear reaction, as does a black hole. Common sense seems to tell us that all matter in the cosmos will eventually be incorporated into black holes. Eventually, all black holes will come together and lastly all orbital motion will wind down returning everything to a point of singularity. In the way I have just described, black holes are responsible for the creation of a galaxy. I wish I could do a better job of explaining this. Perhaps at some point in the future, someone will be born with enough common sense, and lack of herd mentality, to do a better job. Maybe it will be one of my great, great Grandchildren.

A black hole resides at the center of every galaxy.

   By the law of orbits, a quiet state is created within the event horizon, where very few collisions, versus orbits, take place.  At the same time, it creates the void necessary outside the event horizon, to concentrate these tiny sub atomic masses of particles into gas nebula, stars and planets, which make up a visible galaxy. 

   Particle collisions create everything man calls energy from the fire burning in a fire place, to atomic reactions. When the electron clouds in compounds are bombarded by enough of these very small undetectable sub atomic particles, causing some to travel outside the main body of matter, we have a chemical reaction, also called an exothermic reaction by chemists. Peaceful orbital bounds between electron clouds are broken, and the chemical compound breaks up into more elemental compounds and elements, as the reaction continues, reducing the critical number of orbits in electron clouds necessary to hold the atoms of a compound together. The reaction becomes self sustaining, when fueled by enough collisions to create a self sustaining breakup of these peaceful orbital states. An example of this would be holding a burning match to paper until the paper catches fire. In a chemical reaction, nuclear bounds between protons and neutrons remain in place. The reason for this is because the nuclei of atoms have many more orbital states, which create a bond too strong for a chemical reaction, involving particles emitted from electron clouds to break apart until the outside force acting on these nuclei reaches a critical mass, such as the mass of a star. However, both phenomena are explained by what I like to call the law of orbits.

   A nuclear reaction requires much greater collision force. However, once enough peaceful orbital states are destroyed, turning orbiting particles into missiles, which collide, releasing the force stored in their orbits, a self sustaining nuclear chain reaction occurs. When it finally gets going, there are many more orbital states to be turned into collisions, which release the much greater force observed in a nuclear reaction, compared to that in a chemical reaction. 

The law of orbits basically explains two major characteristics of matter.

   The first characteristic it explains is the tendency of matter to congeal into larger and larger masses in space through the vacuum created by particles entering into orbital states. (Gravity) The second characteristic, which it explains, is the ability of matter to enter into self sustaining exothermic chemical or nuclear reactions, when a body or bodies smaller in mass than a black hole is compacted enough to allow collisions to break apart enough orbits, causing a self sustaining chain reaction of collisions. (Energy Release).

The general timeline flow of the process we are witnessing, concerning the cosmos is: 

1. Big bang
2. Propulsion of very tiny sub atomic particles outward from the point of singularity (Creation)
3. Condensation of some of these particles almost immediately into the mass of a black hole and others condensing much later into gaseous nebulas (By the law of orbits), then planets and stars has they are drawn by gravity (Law of orbits) into the ever more confined space surrounding the black holes amongst them.
4. What happens to bring black holes together? Give me some time on this one. Common sense says the little ones will be swallowed up by the bigger ones. However, I could use a little help here from some of you young men and women who are not able to think objectively. The Bible says that everyone who thinks like the world around us thinks is under the sway of the of the wicked one. ( 1 John 5:19) Its very possible that the largest black hole in the cosmos will eventually consume the others but that still doesn't get us back to the point of singularity. Does it? However, the bible doesn't say that everything will return to a point of singularity. It says, "Be folded up and changed".

The theory of the law of orbits gives a unifying explanation for the phenomena man calls gravity, electromagnetism and nuclear force.

This is a universal law that many scientists have spent their lives trying to discover. I believe the Holy Spirit quickened this information to my mind. I am a layman and have nothing to gain whatsoever by publishing this information on the web. If it is true, God gets the glory and if it is false, then it is a product of my faulty imagination. I have no scientific reputation to protect. As a matter of fact, I welcome input from anyone, who is able to prove these ideas to be false.

The mechanical theories I am purposing here for the behavior of all matter in the cosmos also explains why time slows down as a body speeds up.

Briefly, since matter is made up of an infinite number of smaller and smaller particles, the expanding cosmos is full of tiny particles which are so small they cannot be detected. These particles, when engulfed by a body, pass completely through it, as it engulfs them and create “drag” on other larger orbiting particles within that body. The faster a body travels, the greater the volume of particles passing through it, and the greater the “drag” on orbits within that body. So, in this way, the internal clock of a body in space is adjusted, relative to the amount of particles passing through it and that is relative to the velocity of that body as it travels along its way. Increased velocity causes increased “drag” on orbital states within, causing orbiting particles to slow, thus slowing time. This principle also works much the same way when the mass of a body of matter is increased. Because a more massive body is denser, orbiting matter has an increased volume of particles to encounter, as it travels along its orbital path, which slows it down, thus slowing time. I would expect time to run a little slower on the sun than on the earth, because of the increased mass of the sun. If we could relocate a body of matter and have it travel outside the cosmos, in the complete vacuum of empty space, then there would be no smaller particles passing through this body, which is now traveling through empty space. Therefore, there would be no increasing or decreasing “drag” on orbiting particles within this body, so time would not change as the body sped up or slowed down. Within the cosmos, however, there is no such thing as a perfect vacuum, so these extremely small particles do exert drag on the much larger orbiting particles within a body of matter, causing time to slow as velocity increases.


Short definition of gravity:
Gravity is the resulting force created, as an infinite number of smaller and smaller masses enter orbits with an infinite number of larger masses in space, which allows matter to become compacted into smaller and more dense proximity. At the same time, this creates a relative void in space, which causes the less massive of two bodies in space, to continually fall toward the more massive body in space of a certain range of mass, trajectory and velocity to itself. 

Written by: Wayne Wade
Seabrook, TX. 77586

P. S.
I really struggle to convey what I am visualizing here, especially, where the edge of our cosmos borders the emptiness of space beyond. (The cosmos is an expanding sphere and all particles are spheres.)  The emptiness of space, beyond the cosmos, is a much more perfect vacuum (absence of matter), than any given space of equal volume within the cosmos. (We know it is not a perfect vacuum because our cosmos resides in it. To be a perfect vacuum, there could be nothing whatsoever residing in it.) This could seemingly explain why perpetual outward expansion is thought by some to be a given, and particles do flow from points of higher pressure to points of lower pressure, which on the surface seems to confirm the Steven Hawking belief, that the cosmos will eventually fly apart. However, this situation at the edge of the cosmos can be misleading. At the edge of the cosmos matter is being expelled from the entire spherical surface of the cosmos where more and more of those outbound particles are moving into the much greater emptiness of space beyond. At the same time these particles on the outward edge of the cosmos are continually being chased by particles behind them, which are expanding outward also. (I can visualize this but I find it hard to put into words.) Here, the leading edge particles of the cosmos find fewer and fewer opportunities to create orbits on the outbound sides. However, on the interior sides, the entire cosmos is expanding toward them, allowing many more orbits to be formed on the interior sides than the outbound sides. The force created during the initial big bang, is the only force propelling matter outward. At some point, the continual formation of orbital states by emitted particles on the side of a particle facing the direction of the initial point of singularity will create enough orbital states to cause the entire cosmos to slow its expansion and then start collapsing. Simply put, matter will eventually fold up, because particles are attracted to the relatively greater void, created by the greater numbers of orbital opportunities (Which creates a greater vacuum) behind them, within the cosmos, than is in front of them in the increasingly greater emptiness of space beyond the leading edge, where the cosmos meets the rest of the universe. As one can see, I desperately need the help of some one with a high level of mathematical skill to work with me on this theory. (Hbr. 1: 10-12) 

Other Interesting Facts

If the cosmos where half as massive, light would travel twice as fast.

It is theoretically possible to travel faster than the speed of light by using an engine with the density of a black hole to create a void in front of our space ship for it to continually fall into. Traveling near the speed of light would do crazy things like slow time way down. I don't want to expand on that idea now. Building a warp drive would be hard but avoiding obstacles in your path would be harder. Speeds outside the cosmos could be many times the speed of light depending on the amount of fuel for thrust which could be carried onboard, because a warp drive engine would not work outside the cosmos in the emptiness of space.

Wayne Wade
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