In The Beginning
The sequence of events believed to have happened by many of today’s scientists concerning the creation of the earth corresponds very closely with the description given by the Bible.
In The Beginning
"In the Beginning God created the heaven and the earth." Many leading scientists agree that a single event, some call the "Big Bang", set in motion the steps that led to the formation of the universe we observe today. The Hebrew word "bara", used here in the original Hebrew, means the same thing as the English word "create", which means to cause to exist or bring into being.
"And the earth was without form and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep." Scientists now have evidence indicating, that the elements, composing our planet are formed during the violent death of stars. Star-dust compares favorably to the Bible's description of the early earth. It could have been star-dust, drifting through the universe as cosmic dust, without form and void. Many scientists also believe there was no visual light emitted in the early cosmos. The Bible also makes a very profound statement about that very thing, at this point, when it says "And darkness was on the face of the deep". This statement is very different from simply saying, "It was dark". I believe our scientific understanding of how light was trapped in this much denser, but expanding cosmos agrees very favorably with that statement. We have proof today of light being trapped in the more dense environment of a black hole. The same is true of light caught in the early denser environment of the "Big Bang". The timing of these Bible statements also corresponds favorably to science.
"And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters." I believe this describes God's supernatural intervention, to make sure the quantity of water was enough to support the requirements on earth for the type of life He intended to create, as the earth congealed into a sphere. Some scientists now believe the earth's mass grew larger, as enormous showers of meteors, which have been proven to contain around 5% water showered down on it's surface. They also believe during this period of the earth's development, that its surface cooled from around 6000 degrees to 200 degrees, allowing water to collect on the surface as a liquid. However, there are no good scientific explanations for why the earth has way more than its share of water, compared to other planets. The phrase, "Moving on the face of the waters" I believe, was God's supernatural identification and tagging of water sources for earth's development. God orchestrated many delicate actions in very precise timing and proportions, to direct the formation of the earth's environment, some natural, and some supernatural, to produce a symphony of intelligent design. I believe the arrival of water on the planet in the correct proportion was the result of one of his supernatural actions. First, He identified (the face of waters) sources of water and then caused (God moved) them to come together on planet earth.
"Then God said let there be light, and there was light. And God saw that the light was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. God called the light day, and the darkness He called night." I believe this describes the period of the earth’s development, as it compressed, then began to spin, entering into what was initially an unsteady orbit around the sun. Light from the sun, which had already been created during an earlier period, grew brighter as the earth came closer, and darkness would have been divided from light, as the earth began to spin. This would have been the beginning of light and dark periods on the earth, but science suggests that the earth would not have been in the stable orbit that exists today, and would not have been tilted on its axis as it is today. Most scientists do not believe the moon was in its present day, orbit around the earth during this period that the Bible is describing here. Notice that the Bible does not mention the moon or sun either, in its description of events here.
"So the evening and the morning were the first day." The Bible makes it perfectly clear that God's measurement of time has always been a relative measurement. (Psalms 90:4, 2 Peter 3:8) Man and his science is just now coming to that realization. With that knowledge, however, it is easy to understand, that the cosmos was much denser just after the Big Bang, making time go by much slower. One of our present days could have been billions of years back then, since science now knows that time is relative to mass.
"And God said, let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God made the firmament and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. And God called the firmament heaven." I believe these verses are briefly describing the formation of what scientists call a "water world". Here water began to condense into liquid, from a vapor state, as the earth cooled. I also believe the event being described here is being described in the only way that ancients would have been able to understand. (Remember, the bible is a book written for all generations) Scientists believe the initial temperature of the earth's surface was around six thousand degrees. At those temperatures, although atmospheric pressure was much greater at this stage of the earth's formation, all water would have been in a vapor state. As the earth cooled sufficiently, scientists believe the enormous quantities of water vapor, suspended in the atmosphere, rained down for millions of years to produce an ocean that covered the entire globe. They also believe that island land masses, formed by volcanic eruptions were too unstable to form lasting land masses because they could not withstand the eroding forces of the earth's extreme global weather patterns at that time. At this stage of the earth's development, there would have been a separating of water vapor above, from the liquid water covering the entire planet below, just as the Bible describes. As I have said, there would not have been any stable solid land masses.
"So the evening and the morning where the second day."
"Then God said let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place and let the dry land appear; and it was so. And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called He Seas: and God saw that it was good." Scientists believe that volcanic activity mixing with the liquid sea of water, which covered the planet, formed a much stronger, but lighter rock, called granite. This granite rock became the building block of the continents, because it was able to withstand the erosion factors created by the terribly violent weather on the earth's surface. As more and more granite was produced, the continents grew in size. Granite is being formed this very same way today, under the ocean, off the coast of Hawaii, where volcanic activity is taking place. Granite rock is the building block, which forms continents and it happened at this very stage in earth’s formation, just as indicated by the Bible.
"And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so. And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good. And the evening and the morning were the third day”. Stromatolites found in the swallow waters of Greenland may be among the earliest forms of life on earth. Notice that the writer did not say that God created the grass. Instead, he said, "God said let the earth bring forth grass". This is a very profound statement. It is a command that not only causes the genesis of life, but also gives life, itself, power to regenerate. This is an ordered process commanded and ordered by God, which could look a lot like accidental evolution to a simple minded observer, considering only his own limited intellectual explanations for the genesis of life. However, to an objective observer, statistically speaking, there is good scientific evidence, to support the case for an intelligent being behind the design of the cosmos and life. Science says plants came before animals, and that is exactly what the Bible is says.
“And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.” Notice the writer did not say God created the lights. Instead, he indicates that God is positioning the lights because this verse is describing the earth and moon being placed in the proper distances, and proper angles to the sun, to promote orbital stability and seasonal climates. The sun and moon already existed and the Bible does not contradict that scientific fact. If the sun and moon had been created at this point, by God, then the writer would have said so. Instead, he makes a very different statement when he said, “And God said, Let there be lights”. This statement is said in the same context as the earlier statement in verse 3 where God said let there be light. Light already existed. It just needed to be free to perform as God intended it to perform. In the same way, here, the sun and moon already existed, but they needed to be lined up properly with the earth in order to create proper time spans and proper amounts of light for the day-time, and darkness for the night-time, and also, provide a properly tilted axis for the seasons.
“And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: [he made] the stars also. And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that [it was] good. And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.” The writer does not say that God created the sun and moon at this point. Instead, he says God “made” two great lights. The word for “made” here, in Hebrew, is asah (aw-saw'); a primitive root word used in the broadest sense and widest application with definitions as follows: accomplish, advance, appoint, apt, be at, become, bear, bestow, bring forth, bruise, be busy, certainly, have the charge of, commit, deal (with), deck, displease, do, (ready) dress (-ed), (put in) execute (-ion), exercise, fashion, feast, [fighting-] man, finish, fit, fly, follow, fulfill, furnish, gather, get, go about, govern, grant, great, hinder, hold ([a feast]), indeed, be industrious, journey, keep, labor, maintain, make, be meet, observe, be occupied, offer, officer, pare, bring (come) to pass, perform, prepare, procure, provide, put, requite, sacrifice, serve, set, shew, sin, spend, surely, take, thoroughly, trim, very, vex. One can see, by this broad range of meanings for the Hebrew word “asah”, that the writer was not indicating the creation of the sun and moon. If he had wanted to do that, he would have used the Hebrew word “bara” as he did in other passages, when he was indicating that God was bringing something into being, which had not previously existed. Instead, he is indicating that the sun and moon were being positioned to perform as God had intended them to perform. We can correctly interpret this scripture to say, And God “advanced” or “appointed” or “set” or “put” two great lights in place to rule over the day and night, the greater to rule over the day, and the lesser to rule over the night.
“And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl [that] may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.” Astonishingly, the writer mentions animal life beginning in the ocean, which is exactly what most scientists believe it began.
“And God created great whales, and every living creature that moves, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that [it was] good. And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth. And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.” This very short summation of the genesis of animal life states very clearly, that God brings all life into being. The writer uses the Hebrew word “bara” for “create”. Ordered events like the formation of life have not one example that has happened accidentally. The scientific process cannot prove that the God of the Bible created life, but it also has not one documented observation showing life accidentally creating itself.
The universally accepted definition of the scientific method is as follows. A scientific method consists of the collection of data through observation and experimentation, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses. Scientific researchers propose hypotheses as explanations of phenomena, and design experimental studies to test these hypotheses. These experimental studies must be repeatable in order to predict dependably any future results. By the use of this process, there has not been a single experimental study performed, which will support the theory of random orderly design. However, there are untold numbers of observations, which support the theory of intelligent design. Never mind how life changes as it responds to the environment around it. The real question is how did it get here in the first place? all experimental study of science says that order comes only from order. There is not one single scientific explanation, to support a theory of order, coming from chaos. So, the scientific method leaves much more room, by far, for a theory of the God of the Bible being the creator of life than it does for life just happening by accident.
“And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that [it was] good.” Here, again, the unbiased mind can see the truth of the Bible as it describes the completion of the sequence of the creation of plants and animals. Plants came first by God’s command, long before the earth and moon came to rest in their present positions. Then animals in the water were commanded into existence. Finally, God commanded land animals to come into existence. This sequence of creative events lines up in the same sequence as described by nearly all scientists today. What are the chances, that an ancient writer would get this sequence of events, written in the first chapter of Genesis, placed in such an agreeable order with modern science? I believe it would have been impossible, if these writings were not dictated by some supernatural power, who was there when the universe and everything in it was created. Show me another ancient account, other than the Bible, that describes any ancient event in such detail, with such accuracy, because I do not believe one exists.
“So God created man in his [own] image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moves upon the earth. And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which [is] upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which [is] the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to everything that creeps upon the earth, wherein [there is] life, [I have given] every green herb for meat: and it was so. And God saw everything that he had made, and, behold, [it was] very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.” The writer uses the Hebrew word for “create” here when he describes the genesis of mankind. The word for “create” in Hebrew means “to cause to exist or bring into being”. This leaves no possibility, for man, to have existed, before the sixth day, as it would, had the author used the Hebrew word “Asah” which was used to describe the positioning of the sun and the moon.
Note: Man now knows that time is not the same in different locations in the universe. Science now has good evidence to prove that day one of the genesis was much longer than day two and day two much long than day three and so on. As science gains more true knowledge about what happened during the sequence of events described in Genesis, it agrees more and more with what the Bible says.